Budgeting and Finance
Freedonia is a modest sized country with a population of roughly 20 million. Freedonian Air Force (FAF) has approximately 150 fighter aircraft. The Commander of FAF has realized that operations and maintenance costs for these aircraft are substantially increasing every year due to aging fleet. The Commander wants to develop a long-term acquisition strategy to replace its aging aircraft fleet. The aircraft code-named F-XX is smaller and simpler than contemporaries but it costs less to both procure and operate, making it a popular aircraft.
In March 2015, Newpoint High School, one of the high-performing charter schools in Escambia County, Florida, suddenly found itself at the heart of a real scandal when the School District announced publically that it appeared there was a possibility that school administrators had pressured teachers to falsify attendance records, delete overdue assignments, give answers to tests, and change grades in order to ensure that Newpoint seniors would advance to graduation. And the suggestion was that this was only the tip of the iceberg.
The case discusses the acceptance and implementation of the Nairobi Metropolitan Transmission Ring (NMR) as one solution to address Kenya’s electricity supply issues. The NMR project required the balancing of multiple influencing parties to satisfy national development criteria, highlighted by Kenya’s Vision 2030, with multilateral financing prerequisites. While the case focuses on decisions made at a national level for development within one city, it addresses public and private concerns, individual and national economics, income inequality, environmental externalities, and rural vs.
Chief Minister Taib has set in place a massive sustainable dam project (SCORE) to increase energy production throughout Malaysia and develop Sarawak’s economy by bringing foreign industrial investment to the area. The SCORE project dams have been qualified as sustainable by the International Hydropower Association’s (IHA) Hydropower Sustainability Assessment Forum, and construction on the Murum Dam, the third of a potential 12 dams, was completed in 2013.
This case evaluates the premade decision of the Kigali City Council (KCC) to incorporate urban agriculture into the city’s long-term development agenda, as the key tool to address the problem of food security. A land-scarce country characterized by a predominantly rural population, Rwanda has a history of unsustainable approaches to food security, exacerbated by the collapse of the coffee industry in the 1980s and the genocide in the 1990s. After the genocide, international donors swept in to rebuild the war-torn country, which included projects designed to combat food insecurity.
A shrinking Detroit and an expanding Guangzhou shape this case, which aims to introduce readers to the nuances of population density and the importance of redensification in sustainable urban planning. Redensification policies in these cities offer a novel way of thinking about how to distribute populations and jobs to optimize public services and a city’s quality of life.
In China’s 12th Five Year Plan (2011-2015), the central government outlines ambitious targets for expanding domestic wind power generation. These targets are part of the government’s greater effort to reduce reliance upon thermal plants, which have produced unprecedented levels of pollution in recent years. As the world’s largest wind power collective, which is expected to reach 40 GW in capacity by 2020, the Jiuquan Wind Power Base serves as a paragon of China’s unbridled expansion into renewables.
Electricity theft represents a major problem in developing, emerging and even developed countries. This case study focuses on Rio de Janeiro, a city that is growing rapidly yet is also struggling to overcome basic challenges in the electricity sector. Known formally as non-technical losses, electricity theft and electricity fraud have contributed to a precarious situation in Rio de Janeiro in which regularized consumers effectively pay increased tariffs to compensate for high electricity theft levels.
Every year extreme sandstorms created by strong winds blowing southwest from the Gobi Desert devastate air quality levels, bring transportation and outdoor activities to a grinding halt, and create major headaches for urban life throughout cities in eastern China, including Shanghai and Beijing. The past decades have seen increases in the severity and regularity of these sandstorms as deserts in China expand due to continuing degradation of agricultural areas and grasslands. This spreading desertification presents a challenge both for major cities and rural livelihoods.
India’s economic reforms of the 1990s have led to an exponential growth in industrial and commercial activities, which in turn has led to rapid urbanization. India’s capital city, New Delhi, has been struggling to provide its approximately 17 million residents with adequate amenities. This struggle is particularly prominent in the nearly 700 squatter settlements known as Jhuggi Jhopri clusters (JJ clusters), also known as Delhi’s slums, which are on public land owned by multiple civic bodies.