The case discusses the acceptance and implementation of the Nairobi Metropolitan Transmission Ring (NMR) as one solution to address Kenya’s electricity supply issues. The NMR project required the balancing of multiple influencing parties to satisfy national development criteria, highlighted by Kenya’s Vision 2030, with multilateral financing prerequisites. While the case focuses on decisions made at a national level for development within one city, it addresses public and private concerns, individual and national economics, income inequality, environmental externalities, and rural vs.
Chief Minister Taib has set in place a massive sustainable dam project (SCORE) to increase energy production throughout Malaysia and develop Sarawak’s economy by bringing foreign industrial investment to the area. The SCORE project dams have been qualified as sustainable by the International Hydropower Association’s (IHA) Hydropower Sustainability Assessment Forum, and construction on the Murum Dam, the third of a potential 12 dams, was completed in 2013.
A shrinking Detroit and an expanding Guangzhou shape this case, which aims to introduce readers to the nuances of population density and the importance of redensification in sustainable urban planning. Redensification policies in these cities offer a novel way of thinking about how to distribute populations and jobs to optimize public services and a city’s quality of life.
In China’s 12th Five Year Plan (2011-2015), the central government outlines ambitious targets for expanding domestic wind power generation. These targets are part of the government’s greater effort to reduce reliance upon thermal plants, which have produced unprecedented levels of pollution in recent years. As the world’s largest wind power collective, which is expected to reach 40 GW in capacity by 2020, the Jiuquan Wind Power Base serves as a paragon of China’s unbridled expansion into renewables.
The Brazilian city of São Paulo, capital of the State of São Paulo and Brazil’s largest metropolitan area, currently faces its most severe drought in decades. The drought, coupled with extreme heat, population growth and urbanization, has stressed water resources from the Cantareira water system, which serves more than half of the metro area. Water levels in the system have sunk to 16 percent of the system’s capacity. Available water supply from the system is expected to continue to decrease with the arrival of the dry season in April.
India’s economic reforms of the 1990s have led to an exponential growth in industrial and commercial activities, which in turn has led to rapid urbanization. India’s capital city, New Delhi, has been struggling to provide its approximately 17 million residents with adequate amenities. This struggle is particularly prominent in the nearly 700 squatter settlements known as Jhuggi Jhopri clusters (JJ clusters), also known as Delhi’s slums, which are on public land owned by multiple civic bodies.
This case raises the question of whether infrastructure development can foster inclusive growth and poverty reduction for an entire population. After decades of civil war, Sri Lanka witnessed rapid gains in economic and human development, vaulting the country to low middle income status. The Mahinda Chintana (national development strategy) attempts to refocus the county on a broader developmental agenda. In pursuit of the Mahinda Chintana goals, Sri Lanka aims to harness rapid economic growth by reorienting its economy toward knowledge-based and high value-added sectors.
Qatar has received much attention since winning the bid to host the 2022 World Cup, and not all of the attention has been positive. A major component of Qatar’s winning bid to host the World Cup was the small nations emphasis on sustainability. In order to achieve this vision for sustainability many innovative technologies have been proposed to deal with issues of heat and energy production. While stadium construction is still in its infancy, controversies over human rights violations, expenses, and cultural aspects have already erupted.
Quito, the capital of Ecuador, is currently experiencing rapid economic development and population growth. The rural Ecuadorian population is migrating to Quito in search of work opportunities, while income per capital throughout the country is increasing rapidly. These changes have led to intolerable levels of traffic, attributed to increased private car ownership and an existing public transport system having reached its capacity. Policy makers are attempting to keep pace with increasing demand for public transportation.
Creating an environment for sustainable growth in a boomtown has been unsuccessful throughout history. Oil companies—big and small—dedicate a tremendous amount of resources to the extraction process and are beholden to shareholders that want to see returns on their investment. As a result, though unemployment is much lower temporarily, only meager investments are made in the local community, which could be left with nothing when the oil runs out or global energy prices drop.