Negotiation and Conflict Resolution
Rescuing Search and Rescue: A volunteer rescue organization’s struggle with internal tension and the path to organizational competency.
The Utah County Jeep Patrol was tasked by the Sheriff to conduct all search and rescue operations in the County. However, their existing organizational structure and culture was not conducive to the level of service required by the search and rescue demands. As newer, more enthusiastic members joined the team, they realized a change was needed. The new members attempted to inspire this change within the existing organization and after a long and arduous process they ultimately failed.
Chief Minister Taib has set in place a massive sustainable dam project (SCORE) to increase energy production throughout Malaysia and develop Sarawak’s economy by bringing foreign industrial investment to the area. The SCORE project dams have been qualified as sustainable by the International Hydropower Association’s (IHA) Hydropower Sustainability Assessment Forum, and construction on the Murum Dam, the third of a potential 12 dams, was completed in 2013.
Until the 1970s, Johannesburg’s Central Business District (CBD) was the economic center of South Africa and, arguably, of the entire African continent. In the 1980s, however, a series of events and an epidemic of violence led to a mass exodus from the CBD to Johannesburg’s safer northern suburbs. The CBD became a virtual ‘no-go’ zone and quickly lost its significance as the center of Johannesburg. The city shifted to a decentralized sprawl and the CBD fell into a state of abandoned disrepair.
Electricity theft represents a major problem in developing, emerging and even developed countries. This case study focuses on Rio de Janeiro, a city that is growing rapidly yet is also struggling to overcome basic challenges in the electricity sector. Known formally as non-technical losses, electricity theft and electricity fraud have contributed to a precarious situation in Rio de Janeiro in which regularized consumers effectively pay increased tariffs to compensate for high electricity theft levels.
The Brazilian city of São Paulo, capital of the State of São Paulo and Brazil’s largest metropolitan area, currently faces its most severe drought in decades. The drought, coupled with extreme heat, population growth and urbanization, has stressed water resources from the Cantareira water system, which serves more than half of the metro area. Water levels in the system have sunk to 16 percent of the system’s capacity. Available water supply from the system is expected to continue to decrease with the arrival of the dry season in April.
Jakarta is the largest urban center in Indonesia and faces frequent floods with growing intensity. In addition to the geomorphic, climate and natural phenomenon that make the city prone to frequent flooding, rapid urbanization, lack of interagency coordination, and other human factors have aggravated the situation. Informal settlements around riverbanks have resulted in the drastic reduction of the river’s capacity due to encroachment and disposal of solid waste.
This case raises the question of whether infrastructure development can foster inclusive growth and poverty reduction for an entire population. After decades of civil war, Sri Lanka witnessed rapid gains in economic and human development, vaulting the country to low middle income status. The Mahinda Chintana (national development strategy) attempts to refocus the county on a broader developmental agenda. In pursuit of the Mahinda Chintana goals, Sri Lanka aims to harness rapid economic growth by reorienting its economy toward knowledge-based and high value-added sectors.
Qatar has received much attention since winning the bid to host the 2022 World Cup, and not all of the attention has been positive. A major component of Qatar’s winning bid to host the World Cup was the small nations emphasis on sustainability. In order to achieve this vision for sustainability many innovative technologies have been proposed to deal with issues of heat and energy production. While stadium construction is still in its infancy, controversies over human rights violations, expenses, and cultural aspects have already erupted.
Creating an environment for sustainable growth in a boomtown has been unsuccessful throughout history. Oil companies—big and small—dedicate a tremendous amount of resources to the extraction process and are beholden to shareholders that want to see returns on their investment. As a result, though unemployment is much lower temporarily, only meager investments are made in the local community, which could be left with nothing when the oil runs out or global energy prices drop.
SOTRA was created at the request of the Ivorian government on December 16, 1960 with a public-private concession agreement shortly after Côte d'Ivoire’s independence from France. It is the only organized and formal public transport company serving Cote d’Ivoire’s industrial center, Abidjan, with its network of large buses and water buses which primarily provide ‘urban service’ and cross-lagoon transit.