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Found 45 cases in the category Health and Health Care

  1. Consumers have increased their use of compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) due to their greater energy efficiency relative to traditional incandescent bulbs. Despite this benefit, CFLs pose potential environmental, health, and safety (EHS) risks due to the presence of mercury within the lamp itself. Without proper handling and disposal, the mercury can be released, with possible health risks to humans. While each CFL has a small amount of mercury, the cumulative environmental and health effects might be significant.

  2. This cases poses a hypothetical debate over efforts at the U.S. state level to mandate labels on food products containing or packaged in materials containing engineered nanomaterials. As such, it closely mirrors recent debates over labeling foods containing genetically engineered (GE) or genetically modified organisms (GMOs).

  3. Bicycling and Coast City is a comprehensive case study based upon a fictionalized city on the central coast of a Western state. Following a string of cyclist injuries and casualties along the bustling central corridor of Coast City, city leaders decide that action must be taken to improve the safety and mobility of local cyclists. Part A of the case begins with background information and problem definition, setting the backdrop with vivid detail of Coast City and its various stakeholders and political conflicts.

  4. One of the most feared yet not the least health epidemic in recent history is the Ebola virus. Ebola is transmitted from human to human via blood and saliva. Once contracted, the disease has a fatality rate of 57-70% - nearly 20,000 people died of Ebola in East Africa. Once a person is infected, the virus easily spreads to family, health care workers and those burying the dead. Heavy duty protective clothing and the considerable training is needed to safely treat patients.

    Health and Health Care
  5. This case is designed to illustrate the difficulties of working to improve customer service in a resource-challenged setting with little or no formal authority. Additionally, the case provides examples of historical data and continuous quality improvement (CQI) implementation that could or could not benefit those it was intended to serve.

    Decision Making, Program Evaluation
  6. In early December 1991, renowned scientist and Nobel laureate David Baltimore considered his status at Rockefeller University. President of the elite university since only mid-1990, his tenure had been marked by controversy over a 5-year old publication in the journal Cell. Baltimore was one of six co-authors on the article, alongside the more junior scientist Thereza Imanishi-Kari, who was facing accusations of falsifying data and manipulating findings.

    Health and Health Care
  7. In late November 2013, CEO Ann Wojcicki and her leadership team at 23andMe received a sternly worded letter from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Regulators declared the company’s marketing of a genetic test and follow-on display of disease predispositions violated the law. The FDA letter posed an existential threat to 23andMe’s business and appeared to validate concerns in the medical community that the company was misinforming the public.

    Health and Health Care
  8. This fictional simulation demonstrates the challenges of developing programs for a nonprofit organization with multiple and sometimes competing demands. Esperanza Healthy Families includes both health and nutrition components with program directors for each who advocate for their own programs. The Executive Director must find middle ground while also faithfully executing a charge for the Board to propose programs that align with board goals.

    Communication, Decision Making
  9. Dr. Albert Viau has developed a national physician’s assistant program to help solve the problem of rural health service delivery in Republica, a mountainous Central American country. This program would provide high level preventative and primary care in the rural and underserved areas of the country. His proposed solution faces major opposition from his medical colleagues and the health establishment. Dr. Viau knew the proven policy would help alleviate the problem, but he could not find any support. He ran for Dean of the Medical School to begin the reform and did not succeed.

  10. The case narrator is doing research on the health sector in Portobello—an alias for a Central American country—and follows Vice Health Minister Jose Manuel Quesada as he implements several major policy reforms. In the capital Santander, Quesada is overseeing a transfer of authority of all hospitals from the Ministry of Health to the National Social Security System (IPSS). This transfer will involve a new focus on a rural health programs and preventative health measures.