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Found 42 cases in the category Health and Health Care

  1. One of the most feared yet not the least health epidemic in recent history is the Ebola virus. Ebola is transmitted from human to human via blood and saliva. Once contracted, the disease has a fatality rate of 57-70% - nearly 20,000 people died of Ebola in East Africa. Once a person is infected, the virus easily spreads to family, health care workers and those burying the dead. Heavy duty protective clothing and the considerable training is needed to safely treat patients.

    Health and Health Care
  2. This case is designed to illustrate the difficulties of working to improve customer service in a resource-challenged setting with little or no formal authority. Additionally, the case provides examples of historical data and continuous quality improvement (CQI) implementation that could or could not benefit those it was intended to serve.

    Decision Making, Program Evaluation
  3. In early December 1991, renowned scientist and Nobel laureate David Baltimore considered his status at Rockefeller University. President of the elite university since only mid-1990, his tenure had been marked by controversy over a 5-year old publication in the journal Cell. Baltimore was one of six co-authors on the article, alongside the more junior scientist Thereza Imanishi-Kari, who was facing accusations of falsifying data and manipulating findings.

    Health and Health Care
  4. In late November 2013, CEO Ann Wojcicki and her leadership team at 23andMe received a sternly worded letter from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Regulators declared the company’s marketing of a genetic test and follow-on display of disease predispositions violated the law. The FDA letter posed an existential threat to 23andMe’s business and appeared to validate concerns in the medical community that the company was misinforming the public.

    Health and Health Care
  5. This fictional simulation demonstrates the challenges of developing programs for a nonprofit organization with multiple and sometimes competing demands. Esperanza Healthy Families includes both health and nutrition components with program directors for each who advocate for their own programs. The Executive Director must find middle ground while also faithfully executing a charge for the Board to propose programs that align with board goals.

    Communication, Decision Making
  6. Dr. Albert Viau has developed a national physician’s assistant program to help solve the problem of rural health service delivery in Republica, a mountainous Central American country. This program would provide high level preventative and primary care in the rural and underserved areas of the country. His proposed solution faces major opposition from his medical colleagues and the health establishment. Dr. Viau knew the proven policy would help alleviate the problem, but he could not find any support. He ran for Dean of the Medical School to begin the reform and did not succeed.

  7. The case narrator is doing research on the health sector in Portobello—an alias for a Central American country—and follows Vice Health Minister Jose Manuel Quesada as he implements several major policy reforms. In the capital Santander, Quesada is overseeing a transfer of authority of all hospitals from the Ministry of Health to the National Social Security System (IPSS). This transfer will involve a new focus on a rural health programs and preventative health measures.

  8. Wyandotte County, Kansas consistently ranks near the bottom in health outcomes in the state. It is also one of the state’s poorest, most diverse counties. The County has made some important economic strides recently, and its government has begun to take an increasingly active role in trying to improve health. This case offers a detailed description of the County, its residents, their health outcomes, the health care system, and how health reform could change the landscape.

  9. Summary: Basic Health is a state-sponsored program providing health insurance coverage to low-income families in Washington state. Because of significant state revenue shortfalls, the state legislature reduced Basic Health’s funding for the 2009–11 biennium by 43 percent. The administrator of the agency overseeing Basic Health was given wide latitude to decide the criteria by which 40,000 people would be removed from the program in order to balance the reduced budget.

  10. This case focuses on Monty Paradis, a manager charged with overseeing farm worker health and safety, who discovers surprising results in the data he has about a state regulatory program called the Eyes and Falls initiative. This data dispel his previous assumptions, and other results that leave him with more questions than answers. In an effort to rigorously analyze the data on this initiative, he employed regression analysis to determine whether the initiative showed a relative decrease in injuries and costs.